The Centre region is stretching on 39,151 sq km and accounts for 1,842 communes within the 6 following departments: Cher, Eure-et-Loir, Indre, Indre-et-Loire, Loir-et-Cher, Loiret. It is the 4th French region in terms of area and the relief has been shaped by the Loire; the longest river in France. The landscape is made of plains and plateaus of different kinds:
- The Champagne berrichonne is a chalky plateau southeast of the region.
- Touraine in the southwest is made of clayey plateaus.
- The Brenne area in the Indre department is nicknamed 'thousand ponds lake'.
- Beauce is a very fertile farmland dedicated to crop culture.
- Cuestas on the edge of Massif Central have limestone plateaus and clayey depressions.
- Sologne is a forested area characterized by forests and 12,000 hectares ponds.